QBronze is QWorld’s introductory level quantum workshop series (16 to 20 hours) on the basics of quantum computing and quantum programming created in October 2018.

Bronze is a collection of Jupyter notebooks, and each notebook has many programming tasks to provide hands-on experiences. We see Bronze as a laboratory where you can learn the basics of quantum computing and quantum programming by doing. As a pedagogical strategy, we skip to use complex numbers to keep the tutorial simpler.

Bronze-Qiskit is the version of Bronze using Qiskit as the quantum programming framework. It was released in February 2021 with the support of IBM Quantum:


Bronze-ProjectQ is the version of Bronze using ProjectQ as the quantum programming framework. It was released in October 2021 with the support of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.:


We hit our 70th workshop in November 2021 (nearly 3000 handed out diplomas). You can see the list at the end of this page.

The outline of a typical QBronze

Bronze is composed by main, before-workshop, and reference notebooks. The before-workshop notebooks are prepared to be used before the workshops. The main notebooks are prepared to be used during the workshops, some of which are optional covering more advanced topics.


The only prerequisite is to know the basics of programming (variables and basic data types, loops, and conditionals). Any previous experience in python will be helpful. If you do not have any such experience, you can check our notebooks on python before starting the tutorial.

Bronze also has notebooks on the basic math to review your knowledge on the simple arithmetic operations on vectors and matrices.

Before the quantum workshop

Download or clone the repo: https://gitlab.com/qworld/bronze-qiskit or https://gitlab.com/qworld/bronze-projectq

Each participant should do certain installations and then test her system by following the instruction in “installation.pdf”.

After installation, open notebook “before-workshop” and the revise the topics there.

During the quantum workshop

The Bronze has five main sections. A participant should work 3-4 hours on each section.

  • Basics of classical systems (Probabilistic bits, coin-flipping, biased coins, probabilistic states, and probabilistic operators, correlation)
  • Basics of quantum systems (Quantum programs as circuits: registers, gates, measurements, execution, and reading the outcomes, quantum state and operators)
  • Quantum operators on a quantum bit
  • Entanglement and basics quantum protocols
  • Quantum search algorithm

The list of QBronze Quantum Workshop

# QCousins/Network Country City Dates #Diploma Notes
1QLatvia LatviaRiga2018:Nov 10-11 15QWomen, RigaTechGirls
2QLatvia PolandSiedlce 2018:Nov 20-21 19Erasmus+
3QLatvia Latvia Riga 2018:Dec 1-2 14QJunior
4QLatvia-QTurkey TurkeyAnkara2019:May 3-5 33QDrive, Gender-balanced
5QLatvia-QPoland Poland Cracow 2019:May 20-22 11QDrive
6QLatvia-QPoland Poland Warsaw2019:May 25-26 25QDrive
7QLatvia Czech Republic Brno2019:May 29-31 14QDrive
8QLatvia Czech Republic Brno2019:Jun 17-19 21QDrive
9QLatvia Slovakia Košice 2019:Jun 26-28 10QDrive
10QLatvia-QHungaryHungaryBudapest2019:Jul 3-5 26QDrive
11QLatvia-QHungaryHungaryBudapest2019:Jul 8-10 20QDrive
12QLatviaMontenegro Podgorica 2019:Jul 16-18 13QDrive
13QTurkey TurkeyIstanbul2019:Jul 19-21 22
14QLatvia-QBalkanBosnia and Herzegovina Sarejevo2019:Jul 23-25 8QDrive
15QLatviaSloveniaLjubljana2019:Jul 30-1 28QDrive
16QTurkeyTurkeyAnkara2019:Aug 2-4 21Gender-balanced
17QLatviaLatviaRiga2019:Sep 14-15 14QJunior
18QTurkeyTurkeyAnkara2019:Sep 20-22 16
19QLatviaItalyVerona2019:Sep 24-25 15Summer-school
20QLatviaLatviaRiga2019:Sep 28-29 9QWomen, RigaTechGirls
21QTurkeyTurkeyIstanbul2019:Oct 4-6 19
22QTurkeyTurkeyKonya2019:Nov 8-1030
23QLatviaLatviaLiepaja 2019:Nov 28-30 4
24 QLatvia-QRussiaRussiaKazan2019:Nov 29-125Entangling with QRussia
25QTurkeyTurkeyIstanbul2019:Dec 6-836
26QLatviaLatviaRiga2019:Dec 7-8 13
27QLatviaLithuaniaVilnius2019:Dec 14-1517QWomen, VilniusGirlsCode
28QTurkeyTurkeyAnkara2020:Feb 22-2320
29QLatvia-QFinlandFinlandTampere2020:March 5-727
30QWomen@IstanbulTurkeyIstanbul2020:March 7-816QWomen, QTurkey
31QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2020:May 2-3-9-1013
32QJuniorGlobalOnline2020:July 4-58QLatvia
33QWorldPakistanOnline2020:Aug 10-1415QLatvia, QTurkey, QSlovakia
34QWorldGlobalOnline2020:Sep 14-2018QTraining for Bronze (2020)
35QWorld-QTunisiaTunisiaOnline2020:Sep 23-255Entangling with QTunisia
36QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2020:Sep 28-0289#qworldchallenge2020
37QLatviaLatviaOnline2020:Oct 19-2441#qworldchallenge2020
38QPakistanPakistanOnline2020:Nov 2-619#qworldchallenge2020
39QWorld-QMexicoMexicoOnline2020:Nov 3-822#qworldchallenge2020
40QRussiaRussiaOnline2020:Nov 6-1024#qworldchallenge2020
41QHungaryHungaryOnline2020:Nov 6-712#qworldchallenge2020
42QWorldRomaniaOnline2020:Nov 16-2015#qworldchallenge2020
43QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2020:Nov 16-2150#qworldchallenge2020
44QTunisiaTunisiaOnline2020:Nov 13-2224#qworldchallenge2020
45QPolandPolandOnline2020:Nov 21-2980#qworldchallenge2020
46QWorldGlobalOnline2020:Nov 23-28380#qworldchallenge2020
47QRussiaRussiaKazan2020:Dec 5-613QJunior
48QPolandPolandOnline2021:Jan 9-1786QJunior
50QWorld-QIndiaIndiaOnline2021:Feb 5-14170Entangling with QIndia
51QWorld-QMoroccoMoroccoOnline2021:Feb 6-1427Entangling with QMorocco
52QCzech-QSlovakiaCzech & SlovakiaOnline2021:Feb 8-1346
53QWorld-QGreeceGreeceOnline2021:Feb 20-28143Entangling with QGreece
54QWomen@IstanbulTurkeyOnline2021:Mar 8-1334QTurkey, QWomen
55QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2021:Mar 8-1341QSB-METU & QSB-Bogazici
56QTunisiaTunisiaOnline2021:Mar 17-217
57QWorld-QEgyptEgyptOnline2021:April 2-1036Entangling with QEgypt
58QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2021:April26-0256QSB İTÜ
59QRomaniaRomaniaOnline2021:May 10-155
60QGreeceGreeceOnline2021:May 10-2141
61QWorld- QIrelandIrelandOnline2021:May 11-2096Entangling with Ireland
62QWorld-QZimbabweZimbabweOnline2021:June 11-2034Entangling with QZimbabwe
63QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2021:June 28-1124
64QWorldGlobalOnline2021:July 26-30416QWSS2021
65QWorld-QLibyaLibyaOnline2021:Sep 13-1730Entangling with QLibya
66QPolandPolandOnline2021:Sep 20-2431Quantum AI Foundation
67QIndiaIndiaOnline2021:Sep 24-0357Mansoon School
68QWorld-QSpainSpainOnline2021:Oct 2-1059Entangling with QSpain
69QWorldChinaOnline2021:Oct 15-3094USTC, Huawei
70QWorld-QNigeriaNigeriaOnline2021:Nov 6-1427Entangling with QNigeria
71QRussiaRussiaKazan2021:Dec 3-53QJunior
72QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2021:Nov 29-Dec 344QSB Gebze
73QRussiaRussiaKazan2021:Dec 10-123
74QGreeceGreeceOnline2022:Jan 10-21
75QMexicoMexicoOnline2022:Jan 7-8QJunior, QWinter
76QWorld-QColombiaColombiaOnline2022:Feb 21-441Entangling with QColombia
78QMoroccoMoroccoOnline2022:Mar 5-13#QSpring2022
79QPoland-QIrelandPoland & IrelandOnline2022:Mar 7-11#QSpring2022
80QWorld-QFranceFranceOnline2022:Apr 4-13Entangling with QFrance, #QSpring2022
82QWorldMontenegroPodgorica2022:Apr 9-17#QSpring2022
83QTurkeyTurkeyOnline2022:May 14-22#QSpring2022
27 (+global)18 (+online)3048